Updated: Apr 14, 2020
The Canadian Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) pays $2,000 every four weeks for up to four months to workers who have lost all of their income as a result of COVID-19. The benefit is open both to Canadians who qualify for employment insurance (EI) and those who don’t, including employees who don’t have enough work hours to meet EI requirements and the self-employed.
To be eligible for CERB you must:
Be a Canadian resident
Be at least 15 years old when you apply
Have lost all of your income for reasons related to COVID-19. This includes being laid off or seeing business dry up because of the economic consequences of the pandemic. It also includes losing the ability to earn money because you are sick with the novel coronavirus, quarantined, caring for someone with COVID-19 or looking after children who are either sick with the virus or home from school and daycare. Note that you don’t need to have been laid off to qualify for CERB. If you’re not receiving income from your employer, you can apply for CERB even if you are still formally employed.
You earned at least $5,000 in income in the last 12 months or in 2019 from work (whether employment or self-employment) or from maternity and parental benefits (whether EI or through Quebec’s Parental Insurance Plan).
You have — or expect to have — no income from the above-listed sources for at least 14 days in a row of the initial four-week period for which you are applying. You must also expect to continue to have zero income due to COVID-19 in order to continue to re-apply for the benefit.
If you also qualify for EI regular unemployment or sickness benefits: if you became eligible for EI on March 15, 2020, or later, your claim will automatically be processed for CERB. Notably, you will get CERB even if you’d normally receive more than $2,000 a month under EI. On the other hand, everyone who would receive less than $2,000 through EI will get a pay bump through the new benefit. Also, CERB will not eat into your EI entitlement. After four months of CERB, you could still receive EI benefits for however many weeks you’d be eligible for regardless of CERB. (For more details about how CERB fits in with the EI program, please see here.)
Eligibility for CERB is set in four-week periods beginning with the period starting on March 15 and ending on April 11.
CERB is available from March 15 to Oct. 3. The deadline for applications is Dec. 2.
You are not eligible for CERB if you quit your job voluntarily (even if it was because of COVID-19), have lost some but not all of your income, or lost your job for reasons other than the health emergency. If you would otherwise qualify for CERB but became eligible for EI unemployment or sickness benefits before March 15, you’ll receive EI instead. If you’re unable to find a job because of the pandemic when your EI runs out, you’ll be eligible to transition to CERB.
There are two ways to apply for CERB:
If applying by phone, call 1-800-959-2019 or 1-800-959-2041.
When can I apply?
The earliest you get to apply depends on the month in which you were born. For January through March, you’ll be able to send in your application on Mondays, starting on April 6. For April-through-June babies, application day is Tuesday, starting on April 7. Those born in July through September get Wednesdays, and those with birthdays in the last three months of the year get Thursdays. Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays are freebies open to anyone who qualifies.
What documents am I going to need?
All you need is your social insurance number, your contact information and your ability to declare that you are eligible for CERB. There is no need to submit a medical certificate if you are claiming to be sick or caring for someone who is sick.
The government is relying on the honour system for now in order to get financial aid to Canadians as quickly as possible. However, you may be asked to provide additional documentation to prove your eligibility at a later date. If it turns out you did not qualify for CERB, you’ll have to repay the benefit.
Also, make sure your contact and payment information on My Account is up to date before you start your application.
What are the step to apply online?
Go to CRA My Account
As you as you log in, you’ll see a bright blue box at the top about the Canada Emergency Response Benefit
The application process is very short but before you send off your application, you’ll be asked to certify that you qualify for CERB.
Sign into My Service Canada Account
Click on “Switch to Canada Revenue Agency” and you’ll be transferred to CRA My Account
Update your address and direct deposit with CRA (CRA does not have your personal information from your My Service Canada Account)
Follow the instructions, including providing your SIN, confirmation of your postal code and the period you are applying for.
Declare that you qualify for CERB.
If applying by phone, know that there were some reports of significant delays and clogged lines as of Monday, April 6, the first day that the government started accepting applications.
When will I get the money?
Benefits will start within 10 days of when you submit your application. You can choose to receive the money either by cheque or direct deposit (which should be faster). Payments will be made retroactively based on your eligibility date.